The aim of this work is to highlight the development challenges of the town of Save, based on an analysis of the topographical characteristics of the town and the land practices that are observed there. The methodology used to conduct this work was based on documentary research, field observations and investigations with the main actors of land management in the city.
The data collected have undergone qualitative or quantitative analysis, content analysis or statistical processing. The results obtained were analyzed according to the PEIR model (Pressure-State-Impact and Responses). At the end of the investigations and analyzes it is observed that the city is experiencing constraints of extension due to the series of hills that encircle it to the north and the valleys of the river Oueme and its tributary Okpara which delimit it in its western parts, East and south. Certainly, the commune of Save has adopted a Master Plan of Development in 2006 supposed to ensure the harmonious occupation of the communal territory and therefore of the urban space. But this scheme has never really been implemented. The only development actions recorded in the city are limited to subdivision operations. They covered three sectors of the city namely Save new, Save new extension and Save new extension II. They did not lead to a genuine verbalisation of the districts concerned (installation of supply and electricity networks, sanitation, etc.) but were limited, at best, to the layout of the tracks. However, with the installation of the Supreme Society of Save (SSS), which became Sucres et Complaints du Benin (SUCOBE) and a University Center, the city's demographic and spatial dynamism has been strengthened. It is therefore important that bold actions be taken to deal effectively with urban development challenges arising from the demographic and spatial dynamics of the city.