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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ANEMIA IN PREGNANT WOMEN RECEIVED IN CONSULTATION AT THE UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL CENTER OF ABOMEYCALAVI / SO-AVA (SOUTHERN BENIN)

Authors:
Adegnika Amirath ADEBO , Abdou Ganiou YESSOUFOU *, Omolayo Faycolath ALAMOU1 , Marius BIO BOUKO1 , Mohamed Mansourou SOUMANOU , Alphonse SEZAN ,

Abstract:
Anemia in pregnant women is a public health problem in developing countries. It is one of the most common problems in obstetrics. This study aims to determine the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women and describe its etiologie. it is a descriptive and analytical study that took place in the second quarter of 2018 at the University Hospital Center of Abomey-Calavi / So-Ava Zone. All gestational antenatal care and consenting patients were included. They are subjected to a series of questionnaires relating to socio-demographic, obstetrical and nutritional characteristics. Anthropometric data were collected; blood samples were taken for blood count and malaria infection. Statistical analysis was performed using Excel 2010 and SPSS version 2.0 software. In total, 350 pregnant women were the subject of our study. Our results show that 28% of pregnant women are "short" (? 155 cm) and anemia affects 57% of pregnant women, 83% of whom are mild. In addition, 60% of anemic pregnant women had normochromic normocytic anemia. The anemia observed in the study field is a physiological anemia of pregnancy aggravated by a nutritional deficiency.

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