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ISSN : 2456-8643


Olatoye, F.C, Odedire K.K and Awotona O.T

Agroforestry has over the years contributed undeniably to farmersí livelihood. In Nigeria, most practiced form of agroforestry is the home gardens and the taungya farming system. This review has its spotlight on the latter. In recent years, farmersí livelihood situations have progressively worsened with growing food insecurity. A good number of studies has shown that farmers who participate in taungya farming have been able to increase their income considerably and had improved crop productivity. Overexploitation of forest resources however remains a major challenge for farmers towards achieving sustainable livelihood. Integrating agricultural food crops with tree planting will curb unnecessary deforestation to large extent, serving as an effective buffer. Population rise has also been a constant problem creating pressure on available land leading to land shortage. The taungya system thus supports the landless and poor farmers and helps in reforestation. Although taungya farming system is not an automatic remedy to alleviating rural poverty, decisions of rural farmimg households to participate in the farming system can clearly aid their coping abilities during emergency situations, thereby preventing them from wallowing deeper in poverty. Evidences from studies reviewed shows clearly that farmersí cash income were increased and their well-being enhanced. The Nigerian scenario agrees with what is obtainable across Africa, therefore consolidated action at both national and international level is needed to take full advantage of benefits embedded in the taungya farming system to successfully improve smallholder farmersí livelihood

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