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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
ESTIMATION OF PRODUCTION EFFICIENCIES UNDER COWPEA-MAIZE AND GROUNDNUT-MILLET INTER CROPPING SYSTEMS AMONG FARMERS IN THE NORTH CENTRAL ZONE, NIGERIA

Authors:
Onuk, E.G. , Biam C. K, and Abu O.

Abstract:
In Nigerian Savanna, mixed cropping is a common practice among the farmers, particularly, the Northern part of Nigeria is known to be characterized by mixture of cereals, leguminous grains and fibre. These combinations are considered as technology by the peasant farmers in an attempt to increase food production. But available studies or records on production efficiencies by the farmers are unavailable and even if they are available, such studies are limited and restrictive, hence, creating a research gap. The research examines the comparative study of efficiencies of cowpea-maize and groundnut-millet intercropping systems in North Central Zone, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study include; determining the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers, determining the input output relationship in cowpea-maize and groundnut-millet production among the farmers, assessing the technical efficiencies of cowpea-maize and groundnut-millet production among farmers and their determinants, estimating cost and returns in both intercrop systems and to identify the production constraints of cowpea-maize and groundnut-millet intercropping systems in the research area and make recommendations from the findings. Primary data were collected from 360 farmers who cultivate crop in mixtures. Analysis of data collected was done using both descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean and inferential statistics like correlation and gross margins analysis. Correlation analysis indicated that there is a positive and significant relationship that exists between inputs and output. The Gross Margin showed that both intercrop systems are viable because the gross margin is positive in the two intercropping systems. Major constraints identified include inadequate capital, inadequate supply of inputs, low product price, lack of credit facilities, amongst others. The research concluded by advocating among other measures that farmers should be encouraged to grow crops in mixtures, by increasing the use of variable inputs at optimal level to overcome the shortfall in technical, allocative and economic efficiencies.

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