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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
REVIEW OF ANTHRAX: A DISEASE OF ANIMALS AND HUMANS

Authors:
Wyckliff Ngetich

Abstract:
Anthrax is a bacterial infection that affects a number of animals but clinical form is mainly seen in herbivores and humans. It is caused by Bacillus anthracis, a spore forming gram positive bacteria that can persist in the environment for long period and natural climatic variations can spark an outbreak. A clinical disease presents with peracute manifestation and usually sudden death could be the only information from the farmer. Basic diagnosis of the disease is through Giemsa/ Grams stained blood smear. Opening of infected carcasses or leakages of the bacteria have been reported as the possible source of environmental contamination. Humans are infected by the vegetative forms from biological tissue and depending on the route of infection can manifest as respiratory, gastrointestinal or cutaneous anthrax. Despite the disease being in existence for long and several researches and control/preventive measures being put in place, it is still a challenge to livestock production in many countries. Therefore, a review of biological, clinical, epidemiological characteristics, control measures and public health significance of this disease are paramount

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