, Naima Moudden
, Moulay Abdelmonaim El Hidan
, Btissam Bouimeja
and Oulaid Touloun , Morocco
Scorpion envenomation is a serious health problem around the globe, and a major health concern
for many Moroccans. The high rate of scorpionism is caused by a rich and diverse scorpion
fauna, characterized by abundance of dangerous species with toxic and sometimes deadly
venom. In Morocco, the Souss-Massa region is one of the regions that are mostly affected by this
problem. Furthermore, it experienced a high rate of incidence and lethality, particularly during
the summer season.
This work seeks to provide an update of the inventory and distribution of the scorpion fauna. The
envenomationís epidemiology is reviewed through gathering both retrospective and field survey.
To locate scorpions, the ground was examined through searching under the rocks and in burrows.
The scorpions were afterward identified in the laboratory. Epidemiological data was obtained
from the Regional Health Department of Souss-Massa and from the survey results Maps that
were produced for envenomation and lethality in each province of the studied area.
Five scorpion species were inventoried, divided into four genera and two families. The
distribution maps of each of these species have been compiled. The retrospective
epidemiological study based on the health data recorded between 2013 and 2017 used to
establish impact maps and lethality in the different provinces of the region. The highest
incidence was observed in the province of Tiznit while the province of Agadir IdaOutanane
records the highest lethality during the same period.