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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF SCORPION ENVENOMATION IN THE SOUSSMASSA REGION (MOROCCO)

Authors:
Jamila Hermas , Naima Moudden , Moulay Abdelmonaim El Hidan , Btissam Bouimeja ,Ali Boumezzough , Abderrazak Kaaya and Oulaid Touloun , Morocco

Abstract:
Scorpion envenomation is a serious health problem around the globe, and a major health concern for many Moroccans. The high rate of scorpionism is caused by a rich and diverse scorpion fauna, characterized by abundance of dangerous species with toxic and sometimes deadly venom. In Morocco, the Souss-Massa region is one of the regions that are mostly affected by this problem. Furthermore, it experienced a high rate of incidence and lethality, particularly during the summer season. This work seeks to provide an update of the inventory and distribution of the scorpion fauna. The envenomationís epidemiology is reviewed through gathering both retrospective and field survey. To locate scorpions, the ground was examined through searching under the rocks and in burrows. The scorpions were afterward identified in the laboratory. Epidemiological data was obtained from the Regional Health Department of Souss-Massa and from the survey results Maps that were produced for envenomation and lethality in each province of the studied area. Five scorpion species were inventoried, divided into four genera and two families. The distribution maps of each of these species have been compiled. The retrospective epidemiological study based on the health data recorded between 2013 and 2017 used to establish impact maps and lethality in the different provinces of the region. The highest incidence was observed in the province of Tiznit while the province of Agadir IdaOutanane records the highest lethality during the same period.

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