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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
DETERMINANTS OF WATERSHED GOVERNANCE AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN THE LOWER SIO RIVER WATERSHED, BUSIA COUNTY, KENYA

Authors:
Namenya Daniel Naburi, Edward M. Mugalavai and John F. Obiri

Abstract:
Watershed governance has increasingly become a forum for public engagement in discussions about water and soil management issues addressing food security. Use of the Integrated Water Resources Management approach for decades has not effectively addressed water resource governance issues especially in the developing countries. This study determined households determinants of watershed governance and food security in the Lower Sio River Watershed, Busia County in Kenya. Cross sectional survey combined with both probability and nonprobability sampling techniques were used. A total of 387 households were sampled using a combination of multi-stage and simple random sampling. Questionnaires, interview guides, observation and focus group discussion guides were employed to collect primary data. Descriptive, bivariate, chi-square and regression analysis were done. Results indicate that only religion, land tenure system and land size showed significant difference among the households with food security and food insecurity. Contrary to other studies, level of education, income and type of occupation did not affect the status of household food security; however, religion did explain 20.8% variations. Male-headed households were 1.42 times more likely to be food secure than those headed by the females. Unlocking watershed governance for food security entails, recognizing religious activities, sex of household head, land size and land tenure system in formulating policy at multi-level governance and multi-sectoral decision making. All variables including those that that never showed significant differences contribute to improved households food security in the Lower Sio River watershed

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