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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CROPPING SYSTEM PRODUCTION AND FARMERS ADAPTATION IN SOUTH-EAST NIGERIA

Authors:
J. E.O. Ansa and P. Ugo

Abstract:
The Impacts of climate change on crop production and farm level adaptation practices was under taking in southeast Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey research design using three research questions on a sample of 160 crop farmers from Enugu and Imo States in South-east Nigeria. Data was collected using a 66-item questionnaire fashioned into 4-point rating scale to ascertain effects of climate change on cropping system, crop production, level of climate change awareness of farmers, and adaptive practices by the farmers. The instrument was face-validated by three experts and the Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficients of 0.81, 0.76 and 0.79 were respectively obtained for climate change awareness of farmers, effects of climate change on crop production and adaptation practices in crop production. The study established that Crop farmers have knowledge of climate change. The climate change indicators that farmers in southeast Nigeria are aware of include, intense heat, lengthy drought, reduced amount of rainfall, unusual heavy rainfall, flooding, drying up of rivers, lakes and streams. In spite of this awareness, the study also discovered that the adaptive ability of the crop farmers is still very low

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