China's beef consumption is increasing with the increase of urban population and its incomes. While beef consumption continues to increase; since 2011, beef production has progressed more slowly because of the decrease in the total number of cattle since 2000. However, most of bovine farms in China are small sizes. Large bovine industries are mainly speculated in the fattening and the slaughter, the calves have supplied by the small farms that are unspecialized. Faces in many constraints several breeders prefer to liquidate even breeding animals and have embarked on other economics activities. Many cattle farms have disappeared and are continuing to disappear: the Cow-calf sector is contracting.
The research aims to analyze and to compare the profitability of small farms by specialization in cow-calf sector.
the analyzes of cost, income, the assessment of profitability of each type of Cow-calf operator by calculation of Break even and Coefficient of economic efficiency and the comparison of different results to present the impact of specialization.
Form the found results: small farm in China's central plain are not profitable, as specialized or no in cow calf operation. Improving their profitability necessitates the decrease in feed price.