Latest Issue
ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
SUITABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL WASTE PRODUCT (PALM KERNEL SHELL) AS COARSE AGGREGATE IN CONCRETE: A REVIEW

Authors:
Asuzu C. C.a , C. D. Okerekeb, S. N. Asoegwuc and P. I. Nwachukwud

Abstract:
In the construction industry, the rising cost of building construction materials is a factor of great concern. The prices of building materials are rising as the days go by. The coarse aggregates are the main ingredients of concrete. In this paper, the suitability of agricultural waste product (palm kernel shell) as a coarse aggregate has been discussed based on the results got from comprehensive review of literature. The aim of every builder is that the buildings must be strong and should be built with the construction material of reasonable rates. Every construction industry totally relies on cement, sand and aggregates for the production of concrete. These days, most of the researchers are researching on the material which can reduce the cost of construction as well as increase the strength. Some of the waste materials are used in concrete according to their properties. For instance fly ash, rice husk, slag and sludge from the treatment of industrial and domestic waste water have been found suitable as partial replacement for cement in concrete. The palm kernel shell is a material which can be a substitute for aggregates. The palm kernel shell is mostly used as a source of activated carbon. The use of palm kernel shells can also help in the prevention of the environment and also help economically. It also contributes to sustainable construction. The aim of this paper is to create awareness about the usefulness of palm kernel shell as a construction material in the construction environment.

PDF Download