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ISSN : 2456-8643

Title:
IMPACT OF SEWAGE WATER IRRIGATION ON SOIL PROPERTIES, GROUND WATER, HUMAN HEALTH AND QUALITY OF PRODUCE: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS

Authors:
Radhika V. S. And G. N. Kulkarni.

Abstract:
Water is considered as a limited and vulnerable resource, essential for life. Currently agricultural land has become a disposal site for waste water. Multistage random sampling technique was used. A total sample of 135 farmers were selected for collection of the required information for the study. The data collected were presented in tabular form to facilitate easy comparison. The soil properties and microbial population that is beneficial to the soil gets destroyed due to the deposition of chemicals, oils and acids contained in the sewage water. Farmers acknowledged the contamination of groundwater as evident through the tube well water colour and its turbidity. The incidence of heath related problems such as diarrheal diseases, cholera, malaria and typhoid were more among the farmers of sewage water villages than among the farmers of fresh water village, resulting in an increased per capita health expenditure by sewage water village farmers. The farmers in the study area recognized lower keeping quality and poor taste in case of fruits and vegetables grown under sewage water than in fresh water condition. However, on the contrarily the fruits and vegetables produced attracted a premium price for their bigger size, attractive and shining colour. Hence, there is an urgent need to plan strategies and provide thrust to the development of socially acceptable, economically viable and cost-effective waste water treatment systems to check from possible ill-effects on the environment, health and ground water.

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